Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2024

Jan 23, 2024

Current Affair 1:


Read introduction:


Current Affair 2:
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)


News: Sahel States Quit ECOWAS Bloc

The Heads of State and Government of fifteen West African Countries established the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) when they signed the ECOWAS Treaty on the 28th of May 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria.

The Treaty of Lagos was signed by the 15 Heads of State and government of:

The headquarters of ECOWAS is in Abuja, Nigeria.

Map of Africa is important in this news:

Current Affair 3:
“Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprises” (SMILE) scheme



The central government has identified 30 cities of religious, historical, and tourism significance across India for survey and rehabilitation of adults and children engaged in begging. The goal is to make these spaces free of beggary by 2026.

This outreach in 30 cities is being implemented under the “Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprises” (SMILE) scheme by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

SMILE Scheme

SMILE scheme launched in February 2022 with allocation of Rs. 365 crores from 2021-22 to 2025-26.

groups like widows, BPL families, aged, orphans/abandoned children, handicapped, victims of drug abuse, leprosy-affected persons etc.

Current Affair 4:
About Physics at High Angular resolution in Nearby GalaxieS (PHANGS) Project



Recently, James Webb Space Telescope observed 19 nearby face-on spiral galaxies as part of its contributions to the PHANGS program. See few images:

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) was launched in 2021 and began collecting data in 2022. It has shaped understanding of the early universe while taking pictures of space.

The new observations show about 100,000-star clusters and millions, or even billions, of individual stars. These data are important as they give us a new view on the earliest phase of star formation.

As per the scientists, "Stars are born deep within dusty clouds that completely block out the light at visible wavelengths - what the Hubble Space Telescope is sensitive to - but these clouds light up at the JWST wavelengths. We don't know a lot about this phase.”

The images let scientists for the first time determine the structure of the clouds of dust and gas from which stars and planets form at a high level of detail.

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