Goaltide Daily Current Affairs 2023
Current Affair 1:
About PM MITRA PARK SCHEME
Current Affair 2:
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
What is the objective of scheme?
The objective of the scheme is to enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasis on the creation of durable community assets based on the locally felt needs to be taken up in their Constituencies. Right from inception of the Scheme, durable assets of national priorities viz. drinking water, primary education, public health, sanitation and roads, etc. are being created.
Read all the points given below. Directly we are taking from guidelines.
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has been responsible for the policy formulation, release of funds and prescribing monitoring mechanism for implementation of the Scheme.
- The Government of India informs the State Nodal Department about the MPLADS funds released to the District Authorities.
- The District Authorities report the status of MPLADS implementation to the Government of India and State Nodal Department.
- The MPLADS is a Plan Scheme fully funded by Government of India. The annual MPLADS fund entitlement per MP constituency is Rs. 5 crores.
- If a Lok Sabha Constituency is spread over more than one District, the Member of Parliament can choose any one of the Districts as Nodal District in his/her constituency.
- The Rajya Sabha MP can choose any District in his/her State of Election as Nodal District.
- Nominated Members of both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can choose any District in the country as Nodal District.
- Minimum funds mandatorily transferred in the development of Areas inhabited by Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe.
- The District Authorities should maintain information and data on implementation of the
provision for SC/ST areas and also furnish the same on quarterly basis to the nodal department of the State Government.
- Natural & Man-made Calamities: MPLADS works can also be implemented in the areas prone to or affected by the calamities like floods, cyclone, Tsunami, earthquake, hailstorm, avalanche, cloud burst, pest attack, landslides, tornado, drought, fire, chemical, biological and radiological hazards.
- District Collector/District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner will generally be the District Authority to implement MPLADS in the district.
- The District Authority shall make the selection of an appropriate Implementing Agency through which a particular work recommended by an MP would be executed;
- The selection of the Implementing Agency shall be undertaken in accordance with the State Government rules/guidelines applicable for the purpose.
- Provided that for certain works in certain Central Government Ministries/Organizations (like Railways) where the Implementing Agency has necessarily to be the concerned Central Government Ministry/Organization, the same shall be selected as the Implementing Agency.
Current Affair 3:
Na-ion batteries as next-generation energy storage systems
Scientists have found an avenue that can simultaneously address the air/water-instability and structural-cum-electrochemical instability of Sodium–transition-metal–oxide-based cathode materials for Sodium-ion batteries and, accordingly, have developed new air/water-stable stable and high-performance cathode materials.
The newly developed materials exhibit high electrochemical cyclic stability and stability upon exposure to air/water, thus, facilitating the development of systems that are expected to serve as cost-effective and sustainable energy storage systems for a range of applications, including consumer electronic devices, grid energy storage, storage of energy harvested from renewables and, eventually, electric vehicles.
As the importance of battery-driven electric vehicles increases due to climate and environmental concerns, development of a cost-effective, resource-friendly, safe, and sustainable alkali metal-ion battery system beyond the Li-ion system is essential.
India has an abundance of Na-sources, which renders the upcoming Na-ion battery system extremely important in the Indian context. Like any alkali metal-ion battery cell, a Na-ion cell has cathode and anode active materials (supported on metallic current collector foils), which facilitate reversible insertion/removal of the charge carrier (viz., Na-ion) during charge/discharge of the cell. In such a cell, the cathode material initiates as the Na-reservoir, with the cell performances depending on the structural/electrochemical stability of the electrodes, Na-transport kinetics, and various resistances (which are dynamic in nature).
Despite the many advantages of Sodium-ion batteries, the electrochemical behaviour/performances of the ‘layered’ Na-TM-oxide-based cathode materials and their stability upon moisture exposure need substantial improvements for widespread development and usage of Na-ion battery systems for a variety of applications to be a reality. This is because such lack of stability renders handling/storage of Na-TM-oxides challenging and also negatively affects their electrochemical performance. Besides, the water instability mandates the usage of toxic-hazardous-expensive chemicals like N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) for electrode preparation, as opposed to the possible usage of water-based slurries.
Current Affair 4:
First Inter-Ministerial Committee Meeting held on World Food India 2023
Secretary, Food Processing Industries (FPI), chaired the First Inter- Ministerial Committee Meeting with senior representatives from Ministries/Departments/Boards on Tuesday 16th May 2023 in New Delhi.
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